Here are over 20 easy ways to substitute for eggs in baking, for meatballs and meatloaf, and for breading chicken!
Eggs are a common kitchen staple that serve several purposes, including binding, leavening, adding moisture, adding flavor, and for appearance.
They are essential elements to many of our favorite dishes, especially in baking.
So, what happens if you run out of eggs or develop an allergy?
Here are several, easy ways to substitute for eggs for every purpose.
Here are some common substitutes for eggs in baking. Keep in mind, 1 egg makes about 1/4 cup. This metric can be used as a rule of thumb with most substitutions.
Your baking recipe will definitely turn out differently when using an egg substitute, but the differences are usually minimal and still delicious!
Apple sauce is a great egg substitute for baking and is one of my favorite options. Be sure to use an unsweetened version.
Use 1/4 cup applesauce to replace one egg. Applesauce is best used as a substitute in breads and cakes.
2. Mashed Banana
Mashed banana is another great egg substitute. Substitute 1/4 cup of mashed banana for every egg in your recipe.
Note that the finished product will have a slight banana flavor so make sure this works with the recipe you’re making. Your baked goods won’t brown as deeply but will be dense and moist.
3. Fruit Purees (Pumpkin and Avocado)
You can use the same 1/4 cup substitution for other fruit purees like pumpkin and avocado if you need a replacement for eggs. Be sure to use thick and velvety fruits when substituting for eggs.
4. Ground Flaxseeds or Chia Seeds
Ground flaxseeds and chia seeds are both full of nutritional value with lots of omega 3’s and fiber. They work as a great substitute for eggs when mixed with water.
Whisk 1 tablespoon of ground seeds to 3 tablespoons of water until fully absorbed and thickened. Then add the mixture to your recipe in place of the egg. Flax and chia seeds work best as a substitute for eggs in muffins, waffles, pancakes, cookies and breads.
5. Commercial Egg Replacements
There are lots of commercial egg replacements on the market that you can try. Simply follow the instructions on the packaging and any other recommendations.
You can also find vegan eggs in select grocery stores and specialty food stores.
Here are some popular commercial egg replacers you can try:
6. Silken Tofu
Tofu is an incredibly versatile vegan protein that’s made from soy and sold in blocks with varying densities. Silken tofu is a very soft variation that can be blended until smooth.
Use 1/4 cup pureed silken tofu to replace one egg.
Keep in mind, this egg replacement can make baked goods dense or heavy.
7. Vinegar and Baking Soda
1 teaspoon baking soda mixed with 1 tablespoon vinegar (white or apple cider) can replace an egg in baked goods like quick breads, cakes, and cupcakes.
The chemical reaction will make baked goods light and airy.
You can use 1/4 cup unflavored yogurt to replace an egg in cakes, cupcakes and muffins. Make sure you get plain yogurt so the taste of your dish remains the same.
You can use buttermilk the same way you would yogurt to replace an egg in cakes, cupcakes and muffins. Use buttermilk to replace an egg when it’s purpose is to add moisture to the recipe.
10. Sweetened Condensed Milk
Sweetened condensed milk is simply cow’s milk with added sugar and most of the water content removed. You can use 1/4 cup as an egg substitute and this works best for cookies.
11. Corn Starch, Potato Starch and Tapioca Starch
Starches work great to thicken custards, breads, and cakes. To replace the egg in your recipe, add 2 tablespoons powder to 3 tablespoons water and mix well. Then add the mixture to your batter.
12. Arrowroot Powder
Arrowroot powder is another starchy plant root from South America that is similar to the starches listed above.
Add 2 tablespoons powder to 3 tablespoons water and mix well. Then add the mixture to your batter.
Aquafaba is a unique ingredient that most people haven’t heard of. It’s actually the liquid that’s leftover in a can of beans and is similar in texture to eggs. Aquafaba is best for recipes that only use egg whites like marshmallows, macaroons, meringues and nougat.
Use 3 tablespoons to replace 1 egg or egg white.
14. Nut Butter
Most people have some form of nut butter in their pantries. You can use these as an easy egg substitute in a pinch.
Use 3 tablespoons to stand in for one egg. Nut butters are best for brownies, pancakes, and cookies. Be sure to use the smooth and not chunky version of nut butter.
15. Carbonated Water
Carbonated water works as a great leavening agent for recipes meant to be fluffy and light.
You can use 1/4 cup to substitute for an egg for quick breads, cakes and cupcakes.
16. Xanthan Gum
Xanthan gum is a powder made from a bacterium cultivated on corn sugar. It’s a common ingredient used in many of our commercially prepared foods.
Xanthan gum works great in cookies, cakes and ice cream to bind and add texture. Use 1 tablespoon to replace an egg.
17. Agar-Agar or Gelatin
Agar-agar is a vegan gelatin option that’s made from seaweed and algae. Gelatin is typically derived from collagen and is an animal byproduct.
To use gelatin as an egg replacement, dissolve 1 tablespoon in 1 tablespoon cold water, then mix in 2 tablespoons of boiling water until frothy.
For agar-agar, mix 1 tablespoon with 1 tablespoon water.
These egg replacements may make the texture of a dish stiffer, but won’t affect the flavor.
18. Soy Lecithin
Soy Lecithin is made from soybean oil and works as a binder similar to an egg. Add 1 tablespoon soy powder to your recipe to replace an egg or egg yolk.
19. Water, Oil & Baking Powder
You can use water, oil, and baking powder as a substitute in baking with this easy recipe:
2 tablespoons water + 2 teaspoons baking powder + 1 teaspoon vegetable oil = 1 large egg.
Just be sure you’re using a vegetable oil that still has a good shelf life.
20. Mashed Potatoes
Mashed potatoes are great at adding moisture and an airy texture to breads and rolls.
You can use 1/4 cup leftover mashed potatoes or 2 tablespoons of instant mashed potatoes, rehydrated as a substitute for eggs in your recipe.
For Meatloaf or Meatballs
If you need an egg replacer that binds for a meat recipe like meatloaf or meatballs, try using 2 to 3 tablespoons of the following (dependent upon the flavor profile of your dish):
- Tomato paste
- Potato starch
- Whole wheat flour
- Arrowroot powder
- Mashed potatoes
- Mashed sweet potatoes
- Instant potato flakes
- Or, 1/4 cup tofu puréed with 1 tablespoon flour
You can also use a commercial replacer, “flax and chia eggs,” aquafaba, or silken tofu.
For Fried Chicken or Breading Chicken
Milk, buttermilk and yogurt make a great egg replacement when breading meats such as chicken. Sometimes chicken is given a buttermilk bath before being fried. Go ahead and use some fresh buttermilk for the breading process, too.
You can also use melted butter or margarine.
Recipes with Egg
Here are some delicious recipes that call for eggs. Use these to try out each of these easy ways too substitute for eggs!